Conférence « Hybrid or mutant? How patrimoine transformed the idea(s) of heritage and changed our approaches to knowledge, from patrimonialisation to critical heritage studies »
Hybrid or mutant? How patrimoine transformed the idea(s) of heritage and changed our approaches to knowledge, from patrimonialisation to critical heritage studies
In French, when compared to heritage, beni culturali or erfgoed, the word ‘patrimoine’ (like patrimonio, among others) remains a rather empty signifier, ready to accommodate a very wide range of meanings and objects. This is also its colonizing power.
By postulating that this word, « patrimoine », has been propagated through international law, starting with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, this presentation aims to examine the hybridization (or even the mutation) of patrimoine and heritage with a view to distinguishing its main epistemological effects. We will thus understand how this word, « patrimoine », making possible the notion of « patrimonialisation », has inaugurated a field of knowledge that has itself generated some hybrids, including the critical heritage studies. While highlighting the main lines of these theories of heritage, it will also remind us of the need for scientific caution in the face of cultural and idiomatic differentiation and raise some political issues of heritage studies today.